World crude steel production for the 71 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 148.1 million tonnes (Mt) in January 2024, a 1.6% decrease compared to January 2023.

End of interactive chart.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 2.0 Mt in January 2024, up 16.3% on January 2023. Asia and Oceania produced 107.6 Mt, down 3.6%. The EU (27) produced 10.2 Mt, down 1.8%. Europe, Other produced 3.9 Mt, up 22.5%. The Middle East produced 4.7 Mt, up 23.1%. North America produced 9.2 Mt, down 2.1%. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 7.2 Mt, up 4.0%. South America produced 3.4 Mt, down 6.3%.

Table 1. Crude steel production by region

Jan 2024 (Mt)% change Jan 24/23Jan-Jan
2024 (Mt)
% change Jan-Jan 24/23
Asia and Oceania107.6-3.6107.6-3.6
EU (27)10.2-1.810.2-1.8
Europe, Other3.922.53.922.5
Middle East4.723.14.723.1
North America9.2-2.19.2-2.1
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine7.
South America3.4-6.33.4-6.3
Total 71 countries148.1-1.6148.1-1.6

The 71 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 98% of total world crude steel production in 2023.

Regions and countries covered by the table:

  • Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Africa, Tunisia
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Viet Nam
  • European Union (27): Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden
  • Europe, Other: Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Türkiye, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China is estimated to have produced 77.2 Mt in January 2024, down 6.9% on January 2023. India produced 12.5 Mt, up 7.3%. Japan produced 7.3 Mt, up 0.6%. The United States produced 6.8 Mt, down 0.3%. Russia is estimated to have produced 6.2 Mt, up 1.2%. South Korea produced 5.7 Mt, up 1.5%. Türkiye produced 3.2 Mt, up 24.7%. Germany is estimated to have produced 2.9 Mt, down 0.9%. Iran produced 2.6 Mt, up 39.3%. Brazil is estimated to have produced 2.5 Mt, down 7.2%.

Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries

Jan 2024 (Mt)% change Jan 24/23Jan-Jan 2024 (Mt)% change Jan-Jan 24/23
United States6.8-0.36.8-0.3
South Korea5.

e – estimated. Ranking of top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate