CARM: The first phase of the Canada Border Services Agency’s (CSBA) automated trade reporting and revenue system was launched with the inauguration of an accounts receivable ledger (ARL) module a little over a year ago. ARL, the first stage of CARM, CBSA’s Assessment and Revenue Management project, will change how the agency assesses, collects, manages and reports on import revenue and trade information.
CARM is designed to improve service delivery by simplifying processes and expanding opportunities for the commercial trade community to interact electronically with CBSA. CARM is scheduled to be implemented in phases by 2020.
CARM will replace aging and non-integrated systems for revenue and cash management. It will also improve service delivery by simplifying processes and expanding opportunities for the commercial trade community to interact electronically with CBSA.
ARL is replacing existing revenue and cash management systems. Paper documents are being replaced by electronic exchanges. Organizations impacted by ARL must adjust their accounting and statement reconciliation processes to take advantage of the new statement information. They must complete testing and certification of their systems.
Single Window Initiative (SWI): SWI allows companies that conduct international trade to electronically submit the release requirements for all relevant government agencies through a single integrated platform. SWI is a joint initiative between the CBSA and other Canadian federal government departments that need to receive shipment release information electronically. The SWI in its existing form is a five-year project that was initiated in 2012.
Advance Commercial Information (ACI): This program introduces more effective risk management processes and tools to identify health, safety, and security threats prior to the arrival of cargo in Canada. ACI provides CBSA officers with electronic pre-arrival information so that they are equipped with the right information to identify health, safety and security threats related to commercial goods before the goods arrive in Canada.
Phase I of the Advance Commercial Information (ACI) Program was implemented in April 2004, requiring maritime carriers to electronically transmit cargo data to the CBSA 24 hours prior to loading cargo at a foreign port. Implementation of Phase 2 of the ACI program was completed in July 2006 and required air carriers to electronically transmit conveyance and cargo data to the CBSA four hours prior to arrival in Canada or before the aircraft’s time of departure in the case of shorter flights. ACI Phase 2 also expanded maritime requirements to include shipments loaded in the United States.
Phase 3, eManifest, required the electronic transmission of advance cargo and conveyance information from carriers for all highway and rail shipments. The electronic transmission of advance data is now required from freight forwarders and the electronic transmission of importer data will eventually be required from importers or their brokers.