Some products favor air, but ocean has made advances with technology improvements
In 2014, the shipping consultancy Seabury came out with a report showing shippers were increasingly choosing ocean over air for perishables. That conclusion wasn’t a huge surprise: advances in technology made the longer and less-expensive sea voyages more feasible.
But a recent report from Transport Intelligence tells another story. That report concluded that air cargo is growing in the perishables sector, at least inbound to Europe.
How do we explain this paradox?
Crossborder sales of perishable products is one of the fastest growing segments in international trade. With millions of people around the world being lifted out of poverty, they can afford to diversify their diets with more meat, fish, dairy, fruits, and vegetables. This is especially true in lower-income countries, where demand is increasing at a 17-percent annual clip. The expansion of crossborder trade in fresh foods creates opportunities for farmers and exporters as well as the transportation and logistics services providers that move the goods.
Advances in cold chain technologies and transportation enable foods to stay fresh while moving efficiently across long distances. The use of refrigerated containers has particularly helped, accounting for more than 50 percent of glob
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