In a new study, transportation consultancy Seabury finds a pronounced shift is taking place from air cargo to ocean transport. New container technologies contribute to the trend.
“A decade ago, tomatoes were just as likely to be transported by air as in a reefer container. Today, tomatoes are transported almost entirely in containers. The same holds true for numerous other perishable commodities,” says Seabury’s Maritime Advisor Derek Brand, who has authored the report.
About 100,000 TEU per year is transported by ocean carriers instead of airplane. The shift is particularly pronounced in certain perishable commodities like tomatoes, capsicum, fresh fish, lettuce and pineapples, but not only perishables.
“The volumes that have shifted to ocean transport are significant for the air cargo industry,” says Derek Brand.
If there had been no mode shift since the year 2000, 5.4M tonnes of cargo would still be transported by air rather than ocean. Air cargo should have grown at an average annual rate of 4.5%, but has instead grown at 2.6%.
“New technology in controlled atmosphere containers, such as Star Cool CA, has the potential to further increase the trend. CA’s ability to slow down the ripening process opens up ocean transport as a viable alternative to air cargo on some of the longer trade routes,” Brand adds.
For Maersk Container Industry (MCI), the maker of Star Cool CA, this is a positive development.
“As new trades open up our customers can improve their business. Add to that carbon emissions savings by almost a factor of 50 when you compare air and sea transport,” says Anders Gamborg Holm of MCI sales and marketing. “We have been on the market with CA for five years now. It’s reliable and affordable, and we predict it will make further inroads in the market.”